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挪威石油行业仍在追加投资

http://www.atletismelleida.com  2021年05月28日 16:56  中国石化新闻网

  中国石化新闻网讯据今日油价5月27日报道,挪威统计局周三在其季度调查中表示,与三个月前的预测相比,石油公司预计2021年在挪威近海油气业务上的支出将增加4.8%,这得益于更多油田的投产。

  今年,包括管道运输在内的石油和天然气活动的总投资估计为218亿美元(1819亿挪威克朗),比上一季度的估计高出4.8%。挪威统计局表示,较高的投资预期主要是由油田开发和投产带来的。

  自上个季度以来,该行业已向有关部门提交了两个油气田的开发计划,这两个油气田没有包括在此前的预期里。

  对预期投资的向上修正显示,2021年与2020年相比,将有0.9%的小幅增长。然而,目前对挪威2022年石油和天然气投资的估计——尽管最新调查的数据高于前一次调查,仍然表明,与今年相比,明年挪威的石油和天然气投资总体上会下降。最新的2022年投资预测为172亿美元(1428亿克朗),比2月份的调查预期增长了3.1%。

  去年年底,挪威石油和天然气协会(Norwegian Oil and Gas Association)表示,与2020年相比,2021年挪威海上油气投资将下降4.2%,降幅小于该行业在2020年初担心的水平。该协会上周对国际能源署(IEA)的一份令人震惊的报告发表评论称,如果世界想在2050年实现净零排放,就不需要在石油和天然气领域进行新的投资。

  该机构指出,挪威石油和天然气公司不认同这样的假设,即从2050年的前景看,仅欧佩克成员国就应占全球市场石油和天然气产量的一半以上。该协会在一份声明中表示,如果需求没有像国际能源署所设想的那样迅速下降,而供应方面同时被切断,全球能源供应可能受到威胁,并导致能源价格变得非常高。该行业机构还指出,停止挪威近海的石油和天然气勘探将剥夺该国的收入和就业机会,而这些这对支持碳捕获和封存、氢气和海底矿产回收等行业来说是有必要的。

  王佳晶摘译自今日油价

  原文如下:

  Norway's Oil Industry Boosts Investment Despite IEA Report

  Oil firms expect to spend 4.8 percent more on oil and gas operations offshore Norway in 2021 compared to the previous estimate three months ago, thanks to more fields coming on stream, Statistics Norway said in its quarterly survey on Wednesday.

  Total investments in oil and gas activity, including pipeline transportation, are now estimated at US$21.8 billion (181.9 billion Norwegian crowns) for this year, which is 4.8 percent higher than estimated in the previous quarter. The higher investment forecast is mainly driven by field development and fields coming on stream, Statistics Norway said.

  Since the last quarter, the industry has filed with authorities development plans for two oil and gas fields, which were not included in the previous estimate.

  The upward revision of expected investments now point to slight growth of 0.9 percent in 2021 compared to 2020.

  Yet, current estimates for investments in oil and gas in Norway in 2022—albeit higher in the latest survey than in the previous one–still point to an overall drop next year compared to this year. The latest investment forecast for 2022 is US$17.2 billion (142.8 billion crowns), up by 3.1 percent compared to the estimate in the previous survey in February.

  At the end of last year, the Norwegian Oil and Gas Association said that investments in oil and gas offshore Norway were set to decline by 4.2 percent in 2021 compared to 2020, a smaller drop than what the industry feared in early 2020.

  The association, the main industry body and employer’s organization for the sector, commented last week on the bombshell report of the International Energy Association (IEA) that suggests no new investments in oil and gas are needed if the world wants to reach net-zero emissions in 2050.

  “Norwegian Oil and Gas does not share the assumption that Opec members alone should account for more than half of oil and gas production for the world market in a 2050 perspective. If demand does not decline as rapidly as the IEA assumes in its scenario, and the supply side is simultaneously choked off, global energy provision could be threatened and lead to very high energy prices,”the association said in a statement. The industry body also noted that halting oil and gas exploration offshore Norway would deprive the country of revenues and jobs necessary for supporting industries such as carbon capture and storage, hydrogen, and recovering seabed minerals.

  (文章来源:中国石化新闻网)

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